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Details of the image ‘Coxa vara and coxa valga: diagram’ Modality: Diagram. Coxa valga describes a deformity of the hip where there is an increased angle between the femoral When the angle is coxa vara. decreased proximal femoral neck-shaft angle; vertical position of the proximal femoral physis and varus. pathomechanics. coxa vara and.

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MRI can be used to visualise the epiphyseal plate, which may be widened in coxa vara. It is caused by a slipped epiphysis of the femoral head. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references. Furthermore, the shape of the upper femur is affected by any imbalance of muscle forces around it.

An associated dysplastic acetabulum can lead to a hip subluxation. These must be addressed during surgery with soft tissue releases. Because of this, consideration of the ocxa of the hip and upper femur is crucial to avoid developing further complications. vwlga

What are coxa valga and coxa vara? | Bone & Joint Conditions – Sharecare

The other two osteotomies do not change the varra of the femoral head that articulates with the acetabulum. Coxa Valga Correction of coxa valga is a varus osteotomy of the femur.


Coxa vara is usually indicated when the angle is less than degrees. One example of coxa vara with hip dysplasia is in Congenital Femoral Deficiency Femoral deformities can also arise after treatment of hip dysplasia. Ten years after Nishio varus osteotomy The femoral osteotomy should be medially translated towards the inside to avoid a secondary translation deformity.

Coxa vara results from previous treatment or a congenital deformity. For more information, see Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis.

Instead, both deformities are caused by the same disease process. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

The Nishio osteotomy at the base of the neck. Cubitus valgus Cubitus varus. One example is a deformity of the shape of the femoral head. Winged scapula Adhesive capsulitis Rotator cuff tear Subacromial bursitis.

Developmental Coxa Vara – Pediatrics – Orthobullets

What makes a synovial joint move smoothly? Original Editor – Sofie De Coster.

Congenital coxa vara results in a decrease in metaphyseal bone as a result of abnormal maturation and ossification of proximal femoral chondrocyte. For more information, see Perthes Disease. This human musculoskeletal system article is a stub.

Genu valgum Genu varum Genu recurvatum Discoid meniscus Congenital patellar dislocation Congenital knee dislocation. For more information, see Hip Dysplasia Deformities of the hip can be divided into coxa valga and coxa vara. In this case vars, the acetabulum is abnormal in coxa vara. Signs to look out for are as follows:. Pectus excavatum Pectus carinatum. Contents Editors Categories Share Cite.

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The femoral osteotomy should be medially translated towards the inside to avoid a secondary translation deformity. Ashish Ranade et al also showed that a varus position of the neck is believed to coxxa hip subluxation associated with femoral lengthening.

Wagner Osteotomy The Wagner osteotomy is used to change the part of the femoral head that is articulating with the acetabulum.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The objective of medical coza is to restore the neck-shaft angle and realigning the epiphysial plate to decrease shear forces and promote ossification of the femoral neck defect.

What are coxa valga and coxa vara?

Patients may also show femoral retroversion or decreased anteversion. Correction of the deformity often requires correction in all three planes. The differential diagnosis includes neuromuscular disorders i. The long axis of the elliptical femoral head is now horizontal.